The hagiographical Janamsakhis were not written by Nanak, but by later followers without regard for historical accuracy, containing numerous legends and myths created to show respect for Nanak. [61][failed verification][62], Many modern historians give weight to his teachings' linkage with the pre-existing bhakti,[63] sant,[v] and wali of South Asian/Islamic tradition. Guru Nanak was the founder of Sikhism, one of the youngest religions. [10], In as late as 1815, during the reign of Ranjit Singh, the festival commemorating Nanak's birthday was held in April at the place of his birth, known by then as Nankana Sahib. Real Estate Agent in PUNE . October–November. Born into a Hindu family of a high caste, Guru Nanak had a revelatory experience at a young age, denounced his faith and caste, and realized that “there is one God and one human race.” Nanak is said to have travelled far and wide across Asia teaching people the message of ik onkar (ੴ, 'one God'), who dwells in every one of his creations and constitutes the eternal Truth. Guru Nanak was on a Divine Mission. Nanak's teachings can be found in the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib, as a collection of verses recorded in Gurmukhi. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. As the first guru of Sikhism, Guru Nanak contributed a total of 974 hymns to the book. "[50] The goal of man, taught the Sikh Gurus, is to end all dualities of "self and other, I and not-I," attaining the "attendant balance of separation-fusion, self-other, action-inaction, attachment-detachment, in the course of daily life. Born into a Hindu family in 15th century India, he started displaying signs of his greatness early on in childhood. His preaching’s were solely based on truth and reality and therefore people were attracted towards his ideals. He is an illumined soul. [22] Other stories of his childhood refer to strange and miraculous events about Nanak, such as the one witnessed by Rai Bular, in which the sleeping child's head was shaded from the harsh sunlight by, in one account, by the stationary shadow of a tree[citation needed] or, in another, by a venomous cobra. [49], The Adi Granth and successive Sikh Gurus repeatedly emphasised, suggests Mandair (2013), that Sikhism is "not about hearing voices from God, but it is about changing the nature of the human mind, and anyone can achieve direct experience and spiritual perfection at any time. His father was a member of a subcaste of the mercantile Khatri caste. It could be from our Parents, Friends, Colleagues etc. We all are human beings. And God resides in all human beings as also in all creation. [9] The Sikh records state that Nanak died on the 10th day of the Asauj month of Samvat 1596 (22 September 1539 CE), at the age of 70 years, 5 months, and 7 days. Guru Nanak's body was never found. [34] These stories became widely popular in the 19th and 20th century, and exist in many versions. Guru Nanak. Nanak's words are registered in the form of 974 poetic hymns, or shabda, in the holy text of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib, with some of the major prayers being the Japji Sahib (jap, 'to recite'; ji and sahib are suffixes signifying respect); the Asa di Var ('ballad of hope'); and the Sidh Gohst ('discussion with the Siddhas'). Considered a religious innovator, Guru Nanak travelled across South Asia and Middle East to spread his teachings. Finally, his popularity led him to become the founder of Sikhism. [51] In the Sikh perspective, the everyday world is part of an infinite reality, where increased spiritual awareness leads to increased and vibrant participation in the everyday world. Bhai Gurdas, a scribe of the Guru Granth Sahib, also wrote about Nanak's life in his vars ('odes'), which were compiled some time after Nanak's life, though are less detailed than the janamsakhis. …of the first Sikh Gurū, Nānak (late 15th and early 16th centuries), are in Old Hindi rather than true Punjabi. A visionary and a great soul, he was an original spiritual thinker. Claims have been asserted of additional inscriptions, but no one has been able to locate and verify them. [14], Macauliffe also notes that Baisakh (March–April) already saw a number of important festivals—such as Holi, Rama Navami, and Baisakhi—therefore people would be busy in agricultural activities after the harvest festival of Baisakhi. His story with the express intention of correcting heretical accounts of Guru Nanak was an original spiritual.! Nanak became the first of the Sikh religion only sister, was years... Khatri, who bore him two sons by Nanak ’ s were solely based on the universal of! 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